Oncology And Its Role In Dealing With Cancer

Cancer is the second deadly disease in the world after cardiovascular disease that is stroke and heart disease. So it is reasonable to get special attention in the field of medicine. Oncology is a specialized field that handles cancer prevention and treatment. Doctors who specialize in oncology are called oncologists. It is not uncommon to require more than one oncologist to win a patient. Oncologists can advise on all aspects of the examination to the treatment of cancer, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. To get the best treatment, you can visit fortis hospital bangalore.

Clinical oncology is divided into three areas: surgical oncology, which studies aspects of surgical sciences on cancer such as staging, biopsy, and surgical resection of tumors. Then, medical oncology that focuses on the treatment of cancer with treatment, such as chemotherapy treatment. Finally, radiation oncology as a form of cancer treatment with therapeutic radiation. Generally, patients will be more associated with medical oncologists. Medical oncologists will examine, diagnose, and provide comprehensive treatment recommendations, tailored to the needs of the patient, including working together for the treatment of diseases with other oncology fields.

The role of medical oncologists in patients include:

– Diagnose cancer and discuss handling measures.

– Regulate and supervise the course of treatment or therapy, including handling possible complications.

– Caring for the health condition of cancer patients after entering the post-treatment recovery period.

Different types of cancers can be handled by medical oncologists, among them are breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, ovarian cancer, blood cancer or leukemia, skin cancer or melanoma, and tumors in the kidney. Cancer has various symptoms, such as weight loss, fatigue, fever, and anemia. So it is important for an oncologist to know the patient’s medical history completely and systematically. To help establish the diagnosis, the oncologist may use a sample examination of tumor cell removal or biopsy.